News in brief: July 2014
The prevalence of pre-diabetes in England has tripled in the past eight years, with more than a third of the adult population affected, a study has shown.1
The results indicate that while the prevalence of diabetes in the sample population rose from 3.55% in 2003 to 5.59% in 2011, the prevalence of pre-diabetes saw a much greater rise—11.6% to 35.3% in the same period of time. The American Diabetic Association guidelines define pre-diabetes as a HbA1c range of 5.7 to 6.4%, with 6.5% and above indicating type 2 diabetes.
Increased age, body mass index, hypertension and high cholesterol were risk factors for pre-diabetes. On adjusting for potential confounders, socioeconomically deprived individuals and minority ethnic groups were found to be at substantial risk of developing pre-diabetes.
The authors said: “This rapid rise in such a short period of time is particularly disturbing because it suggests that large changes on a population