The stigma of schizophrenia
When four psychiatrists published a study showing that six out of 23 schizophrenic patients carried weapons during psychotic episodes, little did they realise how their work would be presented to the public. The day after it appeared in the Royal College of Psychiatrists' Bulletin in 1998, banner headlines in the Sunday Express proclaimed: “Armed and dangerous: public at risk as mental patients escape the care net.” The Sunday Express journalist extrapolated that 1250 mentally ill patients in the community carried weapons and posed “a serious threat to public safety.” This claim was based on a figure quoted by the Zito Trust that 5000 schizophrenic patients in the community represented a danger to themselves or others.
Distortions of this kind are no surprise to mental health groups. Focus on Mental Health, an umbrella organisation, thinks that mentally ill people get a raw deal from the press, with words such as “maniac,”