Studying in France
Michel Lièvre and Behrouz Kassai describe what it takes to be a “docteur en médecine”
The medical curriculum lasts from eight and a half to 11 years and ends with a viva that confers the title of “docteur en médecine” (MD). This curriculum is being reformed and the new version should theoretically be in place in 2002. It will go some way to harmonising it with other European systems.
The French healthcare system is split into the public and private sectors, to which patients have unrestricted access. Funding is basically ensured by the state social security system. This reimburses medical, surgical, and prescription expenses up to a certain level, known as the conventional rate. The difference between the conventional rate and the real expense or “ticket modérateur” is paid by the patient or by the patient's private healthcare insurance. The social security system has accumulated a large deficit, which an inventive set of taxes has not succeeded in making up.
Because of the anticipated increase