In the first article in our series about intelligence and medicine, Brian McMullen explores how doctors and medical students think and if this can affect their careers
Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge?
Where is the knowledge we have lost in information?
T S Elliot, The Rock, 1928
How many different forms of intelligence can you think of? For most people, being clever is connected with success in exams. In the past, the standard measure of intelligence has been the IQ test.
In 1983, Howard Gardner from the Harvard School of Education proposed that there is not a single entity called intelligence. He suggested an idea of “multiple intelligences” (see box).1
Others have suggested different kinds of intelligences: cognitive (IQ), emotional (EQ), and spiritual (SQ). This article is concerned with cognitive intelligence. In the next two articles I will consider emotional and spiritual intelligence and their relation to the practice of medicine. Being “clever” in the traditional sense is no longer enough.
The word intelligence goes back to Aristotle, who distinguished “orexis,” the emotional