A grain of salt can prevent learning disability
- By: Andrew Iles
Millions of children are at risk of developing learning disabilities because their diet lacks iodine, says international children's charity, Unicef. The charity claims that a grain of iodised salt is all that is needed to prevent this deficiency.
In 2002, 46 million children were born unprotected from iodine deficiency, the world's single greatest cause of preventable learning disability. Carol Bellamy, executive director of Unicef, said, “There is no reason for so many children to be compromised by a disorder that can be prevented with only a few grains of iodised salt.”
In 1995, less than a third of Chinese households consumed iodised salt; by 2000, more than 90% of households consumed iodised salt. Since 2001, the number of countries reporting iodised salt consumption of more than 90% of households increased from 21 to 27.
But globally the proportion of households consuming iodised salt has dropped from 69% to 65% over