Hospitals would be more efficient if they were run more like car factories, according to the latest report in Health Europe (2003,2;56-67). The authors say that overburdened hospitals often have hidden reserves of operational capacity that can be unlocked by examining their process flow. Hospitals that borrow process-flow techniques from manufacturing could treat more patients at lower cost.
Anthrax may not kill by inducing endotoxic shock. A study of the effects of anthrax toxin in rats (Journal of Clinical Investigation 2003;112:656-8) found that toxin-induced death is mediated not by cytokine release, as previously thought, but by hypoxia-induced liver failure. These results suggest that the treatments developed for cytokine mediated septic shock will not be appropriate for treating anthrax.
A study of the effects of direct to consumer advertising of drugs in the United States (where it's legal) and Canada (where it's not; but it seeps across the border) in primary