How to use an ophthalmoscope
Here is a selection and amalgamation of five readers' collected wisdom on using an ophthalmoscope--from senior house officer to consultant ophthalmologist
The ophthalmoscope seems a simple tool. But, in reality, “fundi NAD” written in the notes often means “not actually discerned.” The ophthalmoscope is not difficult to use but it requires some practice. Try to get in the habit of using it in every neurological examination--you'll soon get the hang of it.
Check that the ophthalmoscope actually works--the batteries may be flat or it may not have been charged. Some ophthalmoscopes have a small cover over their aperture which, if closed, may lead you to think that it is not working.