Landmines still cause thousands of casualties despite ban
- By: Peter Moszynski
As campaigners celebrate the seventh anniversary of the signature of the Ottawa protocol on banning landmines and prepare for the protocol's first review conference in Nairobi at the end of November, they warn that much still needs to be done to clear mines and to address the needs of thousands of new victims each year.
The protocol, which was first signed on 18 September 1997, came into force in March 1999. So far more than 140 countries have ratified it, with the notable exceptions of the United States, Russia, and China.
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines warns that despite the achievement of the ban “a global mine crisis remains, and there is still a lot to be done before we live in a mine-free world... It is estimated that there are between 15 000 and 20 000 new casualties caused by landmines and unexploded ordnance each year.”