HIV testing no longer needs special status
Before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was introduced, the advantages to infected individuals of knowing their HIV status were minimal, and counselling before HIV testing was the recommended practice.1 This usually limited testing by relying on people who were obviously at risk presenting themselves for testing. Such groups included injecting drug users and men who have sex with men and their sexual contacts. Targeting of these groups will become an increasingly less useful concept as HIV continues to spread into the population that is conventionally not at risk.
Do we need to reconsider if routine voluntary counselling and testing is appropriate today? Since 1991 heterosexual transmission of HIV has been the most common mode of transmission in the United Kingdom.2 Currently, nearly half of those infected heterosexually and a quarter of infected men who have sex with men in the United Kingdom are undiagnosed.3 A quarter of newly diagnosed patients