The long war
Manuela Moraru and colleagues review the complex challenges presented by HIV/AIDS
Can you think of a cause that in some countries has led to the death of almost an entire generation, and the prevalence of which continues to increase? HIV/AIDS fits this description. More than 25 million people have died of AIDS since it was first diagnosed in the early 1980s. Almost three million of these deaths occurred in 2005.w1 The figure shows the worldwide distribution of people living with HIV/AIDS.
Global HIV infection in 2003. Size of territory is proportional to number of infected people aged 15-49 years. Thus the area of each place is in proportion to the number of people who are currently living with HIV. Colours show human development index, ranging from the lowest, dark red, in central Africa to the highest, violet, in Japan. Reproduced with permission from Anna Barford and Danny Dorling
Recent international agreements on the need for an integrated approach to HIV/AIDS have