Robotics in urology
Innovation in robotics is gradually transforming surgery. Kerry Davies and Declan Murphy discuss the implications for urology
Urological surgery has become increasingly complex, and as a result it has moved away from general surgery and has been a specialty in its own right for more than 20 years. Subspecialisation, however, is new, and minimally invasive or laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery is one such division. The opportunities to work in units focused on research or to become involved in cutting edge technology make it an exciting and popular career choice for many surgical trainees.
Previously, urologists initially trained in traditional open surgery techniques, however, open surgery is associated with increased recovery time and blood loss and is generally less acceptable to the patient. For these reasons techniques in minimally invasive surgery have largely replaced open procedures, and now many urologists train primarily in endoscopic and laparoscopic techniques. The treatment of urological problems has evolved from invasive open surgical techniques to the more familiar endoscopic procedures, such as